Variación fenotípica y fluctuación de la asimetría de la hoja en una población natural de Parrotia persica (Hamamelidaceae), una especie endémica del bosque hircaniano (Iran)

Ali Sattarian, Mohammad Reza Akbarian, Mehrdad Zarafshar, Piero Bruschi, Payam Fayyaz

Resumen


Se evaluó la variación fenotípica en cuatro poblaciones naturales de Parrotia persica (Hamamelidaceae), una especie endémica considerada como un fósil viviente del bosque hircaniano, a través de un análisis morfométrico y multivariado de las hojas. Asimismo, se estudiaron la plasticidad y la asimetría foliar fluctuante (AFF). Nuestros hallazgos mostraron claramente una divergencia significativa entre sitios. El tamaño más pequeño de la lámina foliar, la plasticidad más grande y los valores más pequeños de AFF fueron registrados en los sitios más xéricos de la parte oriental (Ghorogh y Daland), por lo que parece que estos sitios están sujetos a un mayor estrés ambiental. Obtuvimos resultados interesantes, pero hace falta realizar nuevos estudios de la diversidad de aloenzimas y ADN.


Palabras clave


análisis multivariado; morfometría foliar; plasticidad; poblaciones naturales

Texto completo:

HTML HTML

Referencias


Akhani, H., M. Djamali, A. Ghorbanalizadeh & E. Ramezani. 2010. Plant biodiversity of Hyrcanian relict forests, N Iran: an overview of the flora, vegetation, palaeoecology and conservation. Pak. J. Bot., Special Issue (S.I. Ali Festschrift) 42: 231-258.

Alados, C. L., T. Navarro, J. Escós, B. Cabezudo & J. M. Emlen. 2001. Translational and fluctuating asymmetry as tools to detect stress in stress-adapted and nonadapted plants. Int. J. Plant Sci. 162(3): 607-616.

Alados, C. L., Y. Pueyo, M. L. Giner, T. Navarro, J. Escós, F. Barroso, B. Cabezudo & J. M. Emlen. 2003. Quantitative characterization of the regressive ecological succession by fractal analysis of plant spatial patterns. Ecol. Model. 163(1-2): 1-17.

Ashton, P. M. S., L. P. Olander, G. P. Berlyn, R. Thadani & I. R. Cameron. 1998. Change in leaf structure in relation to crown position and tree size of Betula papyrifera within fire-origin stands of interior cedar-hemlock. Can. J. Bot. 76(7): 1189-1187.

Blue, M. P. & R. J. Jensen. 1988. Positional and seasonal variation in oak (Quercus: Fagaceae) leaf morphology. Am. J. Bot. 75: 939-947.

Bradshaw, A. D. 1965. Evolutionary significance of phenotypic plasticity in plants. Adv. Genet. 13:115-155.

Browicz, K. 1982. Chorology of trees and shrubs in south west Asia and adjacent regions. Vol. 1. Polish Scientific Publishers. Warszawa-Poznań. 172 pp.

Bruschi, P. 2010. Geographical variation in morphology of Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl. as related to drought stress. Plant Biosyst. 144(1): 298-307.

Bruschi, P., P. Grossoni & F. Bussotti. 2003. Within-and among-tree variation in leaf morphology of Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl. natural populations. Trees 17(2): 164-172.

Clarke, G. M. 1993. The genetic basis of developmental stability. I. Relationships between stability, heterozygosity and genomic coadaptation. Genetica 89: 15-23.

Dickinson, T. A., W. H. Parker & R. E. Strauss. 1987. Another approach to leaf shape comparisons. Taxon 36(1): 1-20.

Fair, J. M. & D. D. Breshears. 2005. Drought stress and fluctuating asymmetry in Quercus undulata leaves: confounding effects of absolute and relative amounts of stress? J. Arid Environ. 62(2): 235-249.

Frampton, C. M. & J. M. Ward. 1990. The use of ratio variables in systematics. Taxon 39(4): 586-592.

Freeman D. C., J. H. Graham, D. W. Byrd, E. D. McArthur & W. A. Turner. 1995. Narrow hybrid zone between two subspecies of big sagebrush, Artemisia tridentata (Asteraceae). III. Developmental instability. Am. J. Bot. 82(9): 1144-1152.

Graham, J. H., S. Raz, H. Hel-Or & E. Nevo. 2010. Fluctuating asymmetry: methods, theory, and applications. Symmetry 2(2): 466-540.

Geeske, J., G. Aplet & M. P. Vitousek. 1994. Leaf morphology along environmental gradients in Hawaiian Metrosideros polymorpha. Biotropica 26(1): 17-22.

Hódar, J. A. 2002. Leaf fluctuating asymmetry of Holm oak in response to drought under contrasting climatic conditions. J. Arid Environ. 52(2): 233-243.

Kozlov, M. V., B. J. Wilsey, J. Koricheva & E. Haukioja. 1996. Fluctuating asymmetry of birch leaves increases under pollution impact. J. Appl. Ecol. 33(6): 1489-1495.

Leary, R. F. & F. W. Allendorf. 1989. Fluctuating asymmetry as an indicator of stress: implications for conservation biology. Trends Ecol. Evol. 4(7): 214-217.

Llorens, L., J. Peñuelas & B. Emmet. 2002. Developmental instability and gas exchange responses of a heathland shrub to experimental drought and warming. Int. J. Plant Sci. 163(6): 959-967.

McPherson, S., D. Eamus & B. R. Murray. 2004. Seasonal impacts on leaf attributes of several tree species growing in three diverse ecosystems of south-eastern Australia. Austr. J. Bot. 52: 293-301.

Mohajer, M. R. 2007. Silviculture. University of Tehran Press. Tehran. 387 pp.

Møller, A. P. & J. P. Swaddle. 1997. Asymmetry, developmental stability and evolution. Oxford University Press. Oxford. 291 pp.

Mosaddegh, A. 2006. Geography of world forest. University of Tehran Press. Teheran. 404 pp.

Palmer, A. R. & C. Strobeck. 1986. Fluctuating asymmetry: measurement, analysis, patterns. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 17: 391-421.

Palmer, A. R. 1994. Fluctuating asymmetry analyses: a primer. In: Markow, T. A. (ed.). Developmental instability: its origins and evolutionary implications. Kluwer. Dordrecht, Netherlands. pp. 335-364.

Palmer, A. R. & C. Strobeck. 1997. Fluctuating asymmetry and developmental stability: heritability of observable variation vs. heritability of inferred cause. J. Evolution. Biol. 10(1): 39-49.

Velázquez-Rosas, N., J. Meave & S. Vázquez-Santana. 2002. Elevational variation of leaf traits in montane rain forest tree species at La Chinantla, México. Biotropica 34(4): 534-546.

Valkama, J. & M. V. Kozlov. 2001. Impact of climatic factors on the developmental stability of mountain birch growing in a contaminated area. J. Appl. Ecol. 38: 665-673.

Wilsey, B. J., E. Haukioja, J. Koricheva & M. Sulkinoja. 1998. Leaf fluctuating asymmetry increases with hybridization and elevation in tree-line birches. Ecology 79(6): 2092-2099.

Xu, F., W. Guo, W. Xu, Y. Wei & R. Wang. 2009. Leaf morphology correlates with water and light availability: what consequences for simple and compound leaves? Prog. Nat. Sci. 19(12): 1789-1798.

Yousefzadeh, H., M. Tabari, M. Akbarinia, M. R. Akbarian & F. Bussoti. 2010. Morphological plasticity of Parrotia persica leaves in eastern of Hyrcanain forests (Iran) is related to altitude. Nord. J. Bot. 28(3): 344-349.

Zarafshar, M., M. Akbarinia, P. Bruschi, S. M. Hosseini, H. Yousefzadeh, M. Taieby & A. Sattarian. 2010. Phenotypic variation in chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) natural populations in Hyrcanian forest (north of Iran), revealed by leaf morphometrics. Folia Oecol. 37(1): 105-113.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21829/abm97.2011.251

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.


Copyright (c) 2015 Acta Botanica Mexicana



 

Cintillo Legal

Acta Botanica Mexicana, Núm. 126, 2019. Publicación continua editada por el Instituto de Ecología, A.C., a través del Centro Regional del Bajío. www.inecol.mx

Editor responsable: Marie-Stéphanie Samain. Reservas de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo No. 04-2016-062312171000-203, ISSN electrónico 2448-7589, ambos otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor.

Responsable de la última actualización: Marie-Stéphanie Samain. Ave. Lázaro Cárdenas 253, C.P. 61600 Pátzcuaro, Michoacán, México. Tel. +52 (434) 117 95 13, fecha de última actualización, 25 de enero de 2019.

ISSN electrónico: 2448-7589

Licencia Creative Commons

Esta obra está bajo una Atribución-No Comercial (CC BY-NC 4.0 Internacional).

Basada en una obra en abm.ojs.inecol.mx