Núm. 129 (2022)
Artículo de investigación

Taxonomía de Hedwigia filiformis (Bryopsida: Hedwigiaceae), con la clarificación de la identidad confundida de su sinónimo Hedwigia integrifolia

Efraín De Luna
Instituto de Ecología, A.C., Red de Biodiversidad y Sistemática

Publicado 2022-09-30

Palabras clave

  • Braunia,
  • Hedwigia,
  • Hedwigiales,
  • Hedwigidium,
  • nomenclature,
  • taxonomy
  • ...Más
    Menos
  • Braunia,
  • Hedwigia,
  • Hedwigiales,
  • Hedwigidium,
  • nomenclatura,
  • taxonomía
  • ...Más
    Menos

Resumen

Antecedentes y Objetivos: Hedwigia integrifolia todavía es confundida con Hedwigidium imberbe, a pesar de aclaración previa. En este trabajo se clarifica el estado taxonómico de Hedwigia integrifolia como un sinónimo de H. filiformis. Este último nombre es re-establecido únicamente para la especie caracterizada por los pseudoparafilios filamentosos y papilosos, las células foliares con papilas ramificadas y las hojas periqueciales ciliadas.
Métodos: Se estudiaron los protólogos, especímenes de Hedwigia en varios herbarios y colecciones personales para evaluar la taxonomía y nomenclatura de H. integrifolia y la especie similar Hedwigia filiformis. Las cápsulas y tallos con hojas se estudiaron anatómicamente para observar los pseudoparafilios, las papilas de las células foliares y los estomas de las cápsulas.
Resultados clave: El examen de numerosos especímenes de Hedwigia lleva a la conclusión que Hedwigia integrifolia es un sinónimo heterotípico de Hedwigia filiformis. Para la identificación correcta de Hedwigia filiformis, se proveen una descripción e ilustraciones de esta especie, por ahora conocida de Canadá, los Estados Unidos de América, México, Italia, Japón y Corea del Sur.
Conclusiones: Hedwigia filiformis difiere de otras especies de Hedwigia más notablemente por las ramas simpodiales delgadas, las hojas ovaladas cortas con márgenes revolutos, los ápices foliares hialinos muy cortos y la célula apical elíptica.

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